Craniosacral Research Blog
Effectiveness of Combined approach of Craniosacral Therapy (CST) and Sensory-Integration Therapy (SIT) on reducing features in Children with Autism
A 2012 study evaluating the increased effectiveness of Sensory-Integration Therapy (SIT) when used in conjunction with Craniosacral Therapy (CST). Twenty autistic children participated in this study over the span of 6 months. Findings report: “it is clearly evident that there was overall improvement of children occur in both the groups. However the experiment group had shown better improvement as compared to control group. This difference in the result may be due to application of CST in experiment group.”
Complete research PDF: http://medind.nic.in/iba/t15/i1/ibat15i1p3.pdf
Research: Mishra DP, Senapati A. “Effectiveness of Combined approach of CraniosacralTherapy (CST) and Sensory-Integration Therapy (SIT) on reducing features in Children with Autism” The Indian Journal of Occupational Therapy 2015 Jan-April;47(1):3-8.
A 2015 randomized sham-controlled trial with 54 blinded patients experiencing chronic neck pain. Findings suggest: “Significant differences at week 8 and 20 were also found for pain on movement, functional disability, physical quality of life and patients’ global improvement. Pressure pain sensitivity and body awareness were significantly improved only at week 8; anxiety only at week 20. No serious adverse events were reported…. CST was both specifically effective and safe in reducing neck pain intensity and may improve functional disability and quality of life up to 3 months post intervention.”
Complete research PDF: Craniosacral_Therapy_for_the_Treatment_of_Chronic.99251
Research: Haller H, Cramer H, Lauche R, Rampp T, Saha F, Ostermann T, Dobos G. “Craniosacral Therapy for the Treatment of Chronic Neck Pain: A Randomized Sham-controlled Trial.” Clinical Journal of Pain 2015 September; Online ahead of print.
Patients’ experiences of Craniosacral Therapy in the treatment of chronic neck pain: a qualitative analysis of health outcomes
A 2015 randomized controlled trial with 19 patients experiencing chronic non-specific neck pain. Findings suggest: “Most patients described positive changes in more than one of the following domains: physical (less intensity of pain, headache and dizziness, improved sleep and range of motion), perceptional (more upright and symmetrical posture, sustained deep relaxation), emotional (pain is less threatening, increased calm, confidence and hope), cognitive (increased body awareness and self-efficacy, extinction of pain memory, increased concentration and less mind cinema), spiritual (sense of basic trust and peace), behavioral (moving in action alternatives, actively avoid stress, sport is again possible), social (more social contacts and activities) and economic domain (less pain medication, improved work efficiency). Several patients reported initial aggravation of symptoms, but no persisting or serious adverse events.”
Research: Haller H, Cramer H, Lauche R, Dobos G, Berger B. “Patients’ experiences of Craniosacral Therapy in the treatment of chronic neck pain: a qualitative analysis of health outcomes.” ICCMR 2015 Poster Presentation Abstracts 2015 April; P2.034.
Perspectives on the effects and mechanisms of craniosacral therapy: A qualitative study of users’ views
A 2015 qualitative study of 29, self selected participants’ experiences with craniosacral therapy through semi-structured interviews. The aim of the study includes effectiveness of craniosacral therapy through the expectations and perceptions of the participants. Conclusion determines that “all participants in this study observed positive changes in their health status and most attributed these to CST.”
Research: Nicola Brough, Antje Lindenmeyer, Jill Thistlethwaite, George Lewith, Sarah Stewart-Brown. Perspectives on the effects and mechanisms of craniosacral therapy: A qualitative study of users’ views. European Journal of Integrative Medicine 2015; 7(2):172–183.
A 2009 study with a final sample of 139 patients aimed to “examine whether an abnormal CRI is associated with excessive crying of infancy.” Results show “Infants with an abnormal CRI at 2 weeks were 6.8 times (95% confidence intervals 2.2, 20.6) more likely to develop excessive crying than infants with a normal CRI.” Conclusions of the study “suggest that an abnormal CRI at 2 weeks of age may be associated with excessive crying.”
Research: Paul V. Kotzampaltiris, Katherine J. Chou, Stephen P. Wall, and Ellen F. Crain. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. April 2009, Vol. 15, No. 4: 341-345
Utility of Craniosacral Therapy in Treatment of Patients with Non-specific Low Back Pain. Preliminary Report.
A 2014 preliminary report of a study aimed to “examine the utility of craniosacral therapy techniques in the treatment of patients with lumbosacral spine overload and to compare its effectiveness to that of trigger point therapy, which is a recognised therapeutic approach.” The study consisted of 55 participants between the ages of 24 to 47 with low back pain due to overload only. Conclusions of the study: “1. Craniosacral therapy and trigger point therapy may effectively reduce the intensity and frequency of pain in-patients with non-specific low back pain. 2. Craniosacral therapy, unlike trigger point therapy, reduces the resting tension of the multifidus muscle in patients with non-specific lumbosacral pain. . . 3.Craniosacral therapy and trigger point therapy may be clinically effective in the treatment of patients with non-specific lumbosacral spine pain.”
Research: Dariusz Białoszewski, Marcin Bebelski, Monika Lewandowska, Anna Słupik. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2014; 16(6):605-615
Treating the Sequelae of Postoperative Meningioma and Traumatic Brain Injury: A Case of Implementation of Craniosacral Therapy in Integrative Inpatient Care
A 2015 case study showing the use of craniosacral therapy to help a 50 year old female with refractory headaches, vertigo, and cervicobrachial syndrome following and traumatic brain injury. The results of this study show that “implementation of CST in integrative inpatient care could benefit patients with headache and vertigo from intracranial injuries.”
Case Study: Haller H, Cramer H, Werner M, Dobos G. Treating the Sequelae of Postoperative Meningioma and Traumatic Brain Injury: A Case of Implementation of Craniosacral Therapy in Integrative Inpatient Care. J Altern Complement Med. 2015 Jan 21.
The impact of myofascial and craniosacral techniques and their effectiveness in negating the development of thoratic outlet syndrome on a woman in her first pregnancy
A 2013 case study showing the use of craniosacral and myofascial techniques to help a 31 year old female with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) during pregnancy. “The results of this study indicate that massage therapy, specifically focusing on craniosacral therapy and myofascial releases integrated with general Swedish massage, are effective modalities in treating TOS related to pregnancy.“
Case Study: Cowie, TS. The impact of myofascial and craniosacral techniques and their effectiveness in negating the development of thoratic outlet syndrome on a woman in her first pregnancy. MTABC; 2013; April: https://www.rmtbc.ca/sites/default/files/files/WCCMT-V%201%20Tavia%20Cowie1.pdf.
A 2014 follow-up study “aimed to report on follow-up data of a randomized controlled trial in chronic non-specific neck pain patients” with 54 individuals experiencing chronic non-specific neck pain. “Study results indicate that Craniosacral Therapy is more effective in relieving chronic non-specific neck pain and in improving physical quality of live than an active attention-control condition, even 3 months post intervention.”
Research: Haller Heidemarie, Lauche Romy, Cramer Holger, Rampp Thomas, Saha Felix J., Ostermann Thomas, and Dobos Gustav J.. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. May 2014, 20(5): A18-A18.
A 2013 survey coordinated by the Centro Biodinamica Craniosacrale C.B.C. to assess the efficacy of biodynamic craniosacral therapy treatments on a large international group of clients and students. 237 interviews were conducted over a 6 month period. Interviewees needed to have a minimum of 5 BCST sessions to participate. The conclusion suggests that “91% of interviewees reported that the process significantly facilitated the improvement of their health” and that more research is needed to confirm the informal positive findings attained.
Survey Results: http://www.centro-craniosacrale.it/wpcbc/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Benefits-of-Biodynamic-Craniosacral.pdf
Survey: Casartelli, P., Grandis, A. “Benefits of Biodynamic Craniosacral Therapy Results of an International Client Survey”. http://www.centro-craniosacrale.it/wpcbc/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Benefits-of-Biodynamic-Craniosacral.pdf. 2013.
Image: Samantha Lotti
Links and Resources
The most comprehensive online platform of craniosacral research to date right now is: http://www.craniosacral.co.uk/research. The intention of this blog is to expand on what this UK craniosacral site has already begun.
If you know of craniosacral research or case studies that are not listed on this blog, please contact us with that information so that we may post it: [email protected].
These are links to other sites that list research available on craniosacral therapy:
These are online social media groups that share information about craniosacral therapy: